Hand and fine motor skills

Typically, they are categorized into two groups:

Hand and fine motor skills

Fine motor skills involve the use of the smaller muscle of the hands, such as when doing up buttons, opening lunch boxes or using pencils or scissors. Fine motor skill efficiency significantly influences the quality of the task outcome as well as the speed of task performance.

Efficient fine motor skills require a number of independent skills to occur simultaneously to appropriately manipulate the object or perform the task.

Fine motor skills are essential for performing everyday skills like self care tasks e. They may also be unable to develop appropriate independence in life skills such as getting dressed and feeding themselves.

What are the building blocks necessary to develop fine motor skills?


Using two hands together with one hand leading e. Hand and finger strength: An ability to exert force against resistance using the hands and fingers that allows the necessary muscle power for controlled movement.

The ability to process information received from the eyes to control, guide and direct the hands in the performance of a task such as handwriting.

Hand and fine motor skills

The consistent use of one usually the same hand for task performance which allows refined skills to develop. Using just the thumb, index and middle finger for manipulation, leaving the fourth and little finger tucked into the palm not participating but providing stability for the other 3 fingers.

The ability to skilfully manipulate tools such as the ability to hold and move pencils and scissors with control and the controlled use of everyday tools such as a toothbrush, hairbrush, and cutlery. Information that the brain receives from our muscles and joints to make us aware of our body position and body movement, so we can accurately control our movements.

How can I tell if my child has problems with fine motor skills? If a child has difficulties with fine motor skills they might: Have an awkward or immature pencil grasp for their age.

Have messy, slow or laborious drawing, colouring or writing skills. Fatigue quickly when typing or using a mouse on a computer. Have difficulty performing precise manipulation tasks i. Dislike precise hand and eye coordination tasks e.

Have difficulty performing age appropriate self-care tasks independently.

How to Use Massed Practice to Improve Fine Motor Skills

Have difficulty mastering new fine motor tasks. Tire easily when engaged in fine motor tasks.


What other problems can occur when a child has fine motor skill difficulties? When a child has fine motor skill difficulties, they might also have difficulties with: They may avoid or refuse to participate in fine motor tasks.

Frustration with precise eye and hand coordination tasks. Avoidance of these tasks: Preferring to get others to perform fine motor tasks for them under their direction, rather than actually doing themselves e. Being verbally very skilled but having difficulty showing this on paper i. The ease with which a student is able to complete academic tasks.

The ability to competently use a computer for the purpose of academic tasks.

Arches of the Hand | Fine Motor Skills | Therapy Resources | Tools To Grow, Inc.

What can be done to improve fine motor skills? Determine which is the dominant hand and reinforce its more frequent use in precision task performance. Practice using both hands to perform tasks, not just one e.

Practice tasks that use just one or two fingers — not all the fingers at once e. Hand and Finger Strength: What activities can help improve fine motor skills? Tongs or teabag squeezers: Using the fingers, not the hands as whole; working with the Play-doh up in the air, not flat on the table.

Storing construction materials in jars with screw lids that need to be opened and closed as the materials are needed and when packed away.

Make things using old boxes, egg cartons, wool, paper and sticky or masking tape.To improve fine motor skills after stroke, you need to rewire the brain through exercise. In this article, you’ll learn how exercise helps rewire your brain, and then we’ll dig into some great hand exercises that can help improve your hand function after stroke.

Aug 06,  · My daughter, Sasha, has a knack for pushing my buttons (like the time she used my new toothbrush to clean our dog's teeth). But recently, she's become adept at Author: Isadora Fox.

Fine motor activities have always been put on a back burner in this house, until initiativeblog.com we’re back on a big fine motor skills activity kick! Which is probably a good thing. Gross motor skills should come before fine motor skills.

Fine motor skills are essential for performing everyday skills like self care tasks (e.g. clothing fastenings, opening lunch boxes, cleaning teeth, using cutlery) and academic skills (e.g. pencil skills of drawing, writing and colouring, as well as cutting and pasting).

Another study that looked at children with fine motor delays and those with typically developing fine motor skills found that children with delays, had less than efficient in-hand manipulation skills. Watch how a young girl’s fine motor skills improved with the help of occupational therapy.

After all, playing is a child’s “job” so if they need a little extra help, occupational therapy could be the right fit.

Kindergarten Hand Exercises and Fine Motor Activities