Bioethical issues concerning fertility drugs

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Bioethical issues concerning fertility drugs

The Cloning Scandal of Dr. A Cautionary Tale What do we know about egg donation? In the US, oocyte or egg donation has a relatively short history. Egg donation was transformed into a commercial market after when IVF was proven to be successful in producing the first test tube baby, and inwhen it became acceptable to use donated eggs to treat age-related infertility.

Today, infertile women, even those over age 40, who are both physically able to bear a child and financially capable of spending large sums of money for egg donors have led to a Bioethical issues concerning fertility drugs in demand that has yet to abate.

We currently find sophisticated ads for egg donors in fashionable magazines and in newspapers, especially those at leading colleges and universities. Women whose eggs have been used previously to produce children via IVF are even in greater demand and are paid even higher fees.

For women struggling with the high cost of tuition, the money offered as compensation could be a significant financial help and thus could be an inducement to go through the intense ovarian stimulation process and the procedure to obtain the oocytes.

While helping others to achieve their dream of having a child can be deeply gratifying, and even a life-altering experience, the ads for egg donors focus heavily on the large sums of money that the donors will receive. This inevitably creates a strong financial incentive for women who might not be otherwise inclined to donate, and who might not fully weigh the risks involved see risks described below.

United States anti-abortion movement - Wikipedia

Return to Top Is it morally correct to seek human eggs for science? Starting inwhen the world learned about the power of somatic cell nuclear transfer SCNT technology Wilmut, Schnieke et al.

Eggs do not have to be obtained from paid donors. Donating eggs is not a benign medical procedure. Women must be given ovulation-stimulation hormones. In addition, there are potential longer-term risks of ovarian or other cancers. Yet, not allowing women to donate eggs would be inappropriately controlling and would breach the bioethical principle of autonomy and self-determination.

Especially given the risk, complete information should be provided to the prospective donors during the informed consent process. This information should be understandable and thorough in order to ensure that the potential donors are fully aware of the risks and benefits of the donation procedure.

Stimulation, also called super ovulation Would-be donors are screened extensively for known risk factors — medical, psychological, and genetic — before they might be accepted as donors.

Medications are given to the selected woman to boost her egg production. Normally, a woman produces one egg per month. Fertility drugs stimulate the ovaries to produce anywhere from eggs.

During this step, the woman will have regular transvaginal ultrasounds to examine the status of the ovaries and blood tests to check hormone levels. The woman is given anesthesia so she does not feel pain during the procedure.

Bioethical issues concerning fertility drugs

Using ultrasound images as a guide, the health care professional inserts a thin needle through the vagina and into the ovary and sacs follicles containing the eggs. The needle is connected to a suction device, which gently pulls the eggs and fluid out of each follicle, one at a time.

Infertility Ethics

This procedure is then repeated for the other ovary. The woman may have some cramping after the surgery, but it usually goes away within a day. In rare cases, a pelvic laparoscopy may be needed to remove the eggs.

If the process is only to harvest eggs for donation, the procedure ends here. Procuring Oocytes from the Ovary Step 3:Open Access Initiative is committed to make genuine and reliable contributions to the scientific community without restricting the access of published content.

One of the most important ethical issues concerning IVF was the safety of clinical experiments, especially with regard to the 'product' of IVF, the future baby (there was a 7 surprising lack of attention for the safety of the women undergoing the procedures). Agricultural Education.

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stemcellbioethics - Ethical Considerations of Egg Donation