An overview of the history of the eastern empire or the byzantine empire

The Mongols ruled with a strong sense of justice, summed up in their Yasa code and emphasized ability over lineage. The Mongol Empire brought peace, stability, and unity to large tracts of the known world and practiced religious tolerance to a remarkable degree at a time when conformity to religious doctrine was rigidly enforced in much of Europe.

An overview of the history of the eastern empire or the byzantine empire

Messengers from the Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus had urged the pope to send help against the armies of Muslim Turks. On November 27 the pope addressed the assembly and asked the warriors of Europe to liberate the Holy Land from the Muslims.

The response of the assembly was overwhelmingly favorable. Thus was launched the first and most successful of at least eight crusades against the Muslim caliphates of the Near East.

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From to there were eight major crusades and two children's crusades, both in the year Only the First and Third Crusades were successful. In the long history of the Crusades, thousands of knights, soldiers, merchants, and peasants lost their lives on the march or in battle.

The word "crusade" literally means "going to the Cross. The first crusade was a grand success for the Christian armies; Jerusalem and other cities fell to the knights. The second crusade, however, ended in humiliation inwhen the armies of France and Germany failed to take Damascus.

The third ended in in a compromise between English king Richard the Lion-Hearted of England and the Muslim leader Saladin, who granted access to Christians to the holy places.

The fourth crusade led to the sacking of Constantinople, where a Latin Kingdom of Byzantium was set up in and lasted for about 60 years. The Children's Crusade of ended with thousands of children being sold into slavery, lost, or killed.

An overview of the history of the eastern empire or the byzantine empire

Other less disastrous but equally futile crusades occurred until nearly the end of the 13th century. The last Latin outpost in the Muslim world fell in Historians have viewed the Crusades as a mixture of benefits and horrors. On one hand, there was a new knowledge of the East and the possibilities of trade to be found there, not to mention the spread of Christianity.

On the other hand, Christianity was spread in a violent, militaristic manner, and the result was that new areas of possible trade turned into new areas of conquest and bloodshed. A number of non-Christians lost their lives to Christian armies in this era, and this trend would continue in the inquisitions of the coming centuries.

The Crusades began in and ended in the mid- or late 13th century.

Additional Commentary

The term Crusade was originally applied solely to European efforts to retake from the Muslims the city of Jerusalem, which was sacred to Christians as the site of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

It was later used to designate any military effort by Europeans against non-Christians. The Crusaders carved out feudal states in the Near East. Thus the Crusades are an important early part of the story of European expansion and colonialism.

They mark the first time Western Christendom undertook a military initiative far from home, the first time significant numbers left to carry their culture and religion abroad.

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In addition to the campaigns in the East, the Crusading movement includes other wars against Muslims, pagans, and dissident Christians and the general expansion of Christian Europe.

In a broad sense the Crusades were an expression of militant Christianity and European expansion. They combined religious interests with secular and military enterprises.

Christians learned to live in different cultures, which they learned and absorbed; they also imposed something of their own characteristics on these cultures.The World of the Ancient Romans.

Byzantine Empire

Byzantine Empire: History | Culture | Warfare Overview. The Byzantine Empire or Eastern Roman Empire, known to its inhabitants as the Roman Empire, the Empire of the Romans (Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) and also as Romania (Ῥωμανία, Rhōmanía), was the continuation of .

The regions of North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia are known collectively as the Middle Eurasian Steppe (aka "the Steppe"), a vast strip of grassland from Ukraine to Mongolia, straddles several major regions.

The Byzantine Empire, often called the Eastern Roman Empire or simply Byzantium, existed from to CE. With its capital founded at Constantinople. In the final years of the Byzantine Empire the population of Constantinople had fallen steadily, throwing the great imperial city into the shadow of its past glory.

History of Empires is a short book written about the history of the Roman, American, and British Empires. It also covers Sparta and Babylon and their history.

The Byzantine Empire was considered part of the Roman Empire, but it was Greek-speaking, Latin-using, Christian-based and really did not involve any Romans (and not many Greeks, either; it had Middle Eastern/Arab heritage).

Ancient Rome - HISTORY